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Research & Analysis
Research & Analysis

Health research and analysis is the science of study that determines what works, for whom, at what cost, and under what circumstances. It studies how our existing system works, how to support patients and providers in choosing the proper care, and how to improve health through care delivery. National Health Academy conducts research, studies, and surveys to help decision-making. The research and studies conducted by NHA provide information about healthcare, doctors, patients, or any community group. Along with the research around healthcare providers, NHA also conducts studies on patients’ or consumers' experience of the services or products.

National Health Academy undertakes various research and studies to enable appropriate decision-making for the healthcare industry.

The research includes:

  • Doctor’s Perception Study

  • Patient Experience study

  • Doctor-Patient Perception Study

  • Meta-Analysis Research

  • Program Evaluation Research


Summary: Lack of knowledge about appropriate handwashing practices has caused significant concerns for human health, especially at the risk of many communicable diseases. The current study aims to determine the level of handwashing knowledge, Attitudes, and practices among school students in India. A cross-sectional survey was recruited from November 2019 to March 2020 to assess the student's handwashing knowledge level. A reliable questionnaire was prepared (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.708) and conducted using a two-stage sampling technique. A total of 1000 students participated in the study from primary, middle, and high schools; 70% were boys, most of whom displayed an acceptable level of knowledge on hand hygiene. Nearly 75% and 79% of boys and girls gained knowledge about hand hygiene practices from their parents. Only 36% of the students thought handwashing is a potential protective measure against diseases, whereas 46% thought it only removes dirt. The prevalence of handwashing with soap after using the toilet was recognized among 52% of the students.

Additionally, 83% of the students used water and soap to wash their hands (p-value < 0.001), and 87% suggested that soap and water are the best methods to wash their hands (p-value < 0.001). Finally,) there was a positive correlation between the mother’s education and hand hygiene practices (p-value = 0.044). Results collectively indicated that handwashing knowledge and practices among school students in the Eastern Province are acceptable interventions in preventing the transmission of infectious diseases such as COVID-19. Indeed, further, improvement is conducted through specific health education programs to emphasize the role of handwashing in health hygiene is highly recommended.

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